The recent earthquake in Japan has devastated the lives of thousands of people, cost millions of pounds of damage and created a whole host of further dangers. Japan, however, has faced many large earthquakes and has recovered. Here is a brief timeline of some of the largest earthquakes:
1891: The Mino-Owari Earthquake
- Date: 28 October, 1891
- Magnitude: 8.0
- Location: Provinces of Mino and Owari
- Damage: Around 7,200 deaths and 17,000 casualties and the destruction of over 140,000 homes.
1923: Great Kanto Earthquake
- Date: 1 September , 1923
- Magnitude: 7.9
- Location: Kanto region
- Damage: 40,000 missing presumed dead and 100,000 casualties and destruction of over 570,000 homes.
- Damage cost: US$102.5 billion
1946: Nankaido Earthquake
- Date: 20 December, 1946
- Magnitude: 8.1
- Location: Nakai Trough region
- Damage: Around 1,400 deaths, 2,600 casualties, a further 100 missing and destruction of at least 36,000 homes.
1948: Fukui Earthquake
- Date: 28 June, 1948
- Magnitude: 7.1
- Location: Chubu region
- Damage: Around 3,900 deaths and destruction of 67,000 homes
1964: Niigata Earthquake
- Date: 16 June, 1964
- Location: Northwest coast of Honshu
- Damage: Around 26 deaths
1978: Miyagi Earthquake
- Date: 12 June, 1978
- Magnitude: 7.7
- Location: North-eastern Honshu
- Damage: Around 28 deaths and the destruction of 1,100 homes
1995: Great Hanshin Earthquake
- Date: 17 January, 1995
- Magnitude: 7.3
- Location: Kobe
- Damage: Around 6,400 deaths with 300,000 made homeless and destroyed over 200,000 buildings.
- Damage cost: Around US$100 billion.
2011: Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami
- Date: 11 March 2011
- Magnitude: 8.9
- Location: Off the coast of Oshika Peninsula creating a tsunami which hit Sendai in the Tohoku region.
- Damage: Ongoing estimates have now reached 16,000 deaths. Effects of the tsunami affected the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, there are serious concerns regarding partial meltdowns of the plant´s reaction. Millions of people remain without electricity, water or shelter.
You can find out more about the recent earthquake on many news websites. The Geographical Association provide a detailed summary of recent events, and links to further resources here.